Window AC / August 26, 2018 / Denise Brisette
Side panels fill the gaps on the sides. These are also very thin so most of the sleeve is uncovered and outside. This allows for placement of ventilation louvers on the sides and top allowing free movement of air. This is the primary difference between the two types. The wide availability of louver space allows the unit to move a lot of air and this means window units can be quite powerful up to 3 tons or 36000 BTU. So window A/Cs can be effective for very large rooms. In contrast a wall air conditioner sleeve is designed for a hole through the wall. Walls vary substantially in thickness.
If you live in a college dorm studio apartment or a one-to-two bedroom apartment a window air conditioner is probably your best bet for keeping cool during the summer months. Unlike a central air conditioner a window unit can cost under $200 and will do an excellent job keeping your place cool during the dog days of summer. A window air conditioner - as the name suggests - sits on your window in a semi-permanent installation. This type of unit is designed to work straight out of the box and requires minimal hassle when installing to the window. Basically you attach the unit to your windowsill and then close the window down on top of it.
Window air conditioners came to the market as a solution for people who couldnt afford or did not want central air conditioning. Because central air conditioning can be quite expensive and because many people live in small apartments central air is not for everyone. This led to the advent of window air conditioners. Window air conditioners have a hot coil and a chilled coil along with two fans. The fans blow air over these coils and they in turn suck away the heat and humidity from the room into the outside area providing clean cool air. The capacity of an air conditioner is measured in BTUs. So the size of the air conditioner plays a vital role in determining its cooling capacity.