Window AC / September 21, 2018 / Aubrette Dumoulin.
To help make that decision more clear I will explore some of the positives and negatives of the two major options. Ductless split type units are also becoming more of an option. I will do another article on that option. To include that in this article would just be more confusing. So for now we will just look at window air conditioners and central air conditioning. Central air conditioning is the best way to go if you already have a central hot air heating system already installed in your house or building. The advantage that you have is that you already have the air handler or blower part already installed.
When purchasing a window air conditioner it is very important to purchase one with the proper cooling capacity. An air conditioner that is not properly sized will not work as efficiently as one that is sized properly. This is one of the most common mistakes made when selecting air conditioners. Use an air conditioner size calculator to select the proper sized unit for the room you want to cool. Undersized air conditioners will run continuously and not cool the space adequately and an oversized unit will cycle on and off too often. This increases equipment wear and can actually cause fuses to fail.
Side panels fill the gaps on the sides. These are also very thin so most of the sleeve is uncovered and outside. This allows for placement of ventilation louvers on the sides and top allowing free movement of air. This is the primary difference between the two types. The wide availability of louver space allows the unit to move a lot of air and this means window units can be quite powerful up to 3 tons or 36000 BTU. So window A/Cs can be effective for very large rooms. In contrast a wall air conditioner sleeve is designed for a hole through the wall. Walls vary substantially in thickness.
The main aspect in the choice of window air conditioner is its cool air performance. You can approximate the required power at the rate of 1 kW per 10 sq.m. with a ceiling height of 2.8 - 3 meters; for household models the characteristic is: from 1.5 - 2 to 6.5 - 8.5 kW. If there is a large glass area in the room windows face south or there are other additional heat inputs one should better buy a model with a power reserve of 15-20%. Another important factor in choosing window air conditioner is room functionality. For example air conditioner installed in the kitchen must be of high performance to provide optimal heat control. Air conditioning unit for bedrooms should have low noise characteristics.