Window AC / August 24, 2018 / Aubrette Dumoulin
The answer is It depends on the wall thickness. Sleeve specifications for some window air conditioner manufacturers include the maximum wall thickness before it will cover part of the louvers. For example Amanas 18000 BTU models have a max of 8.5 inches. If the wall thickness is at or below that these models can be used in as a wall air conditioner without adversely affecting function. So whats the problem if the wall covers a little of the louvers? Two things: 1) restriction of air movement and therefore reduced efficiency and 2) these units pull air in very powerfully. Cut wall edges could become loose allowing material to be sucked into the unit and potentially causing damage.
They are also easy to install unlike split air systems and central ac. Installing a window unit is an easy DIY job that can be tackled in an hour or so. Also because they are installed in a semi-permanent fashion you just set it and forget it. Unlike portable ac units which are often wheeled around from room to room a window unit is designed to stay put. In spite of all of these benefits however window units have one major drawback: the noise. These units are loud and different models can range from being moderately annoying to downright deafening.
Window units of today are very quiet and their efficiency has improved a lot also. In fact these units are so quiet that you can hardly even hear them operating. Window air conditioners have the same components as a central air conditioner but they are all installed in small cabinet. The biggest and most important difference is that they dont have to cooling capacity of central units. But they also dont cost as much to operate either. If you only want to cool one or two rooms then window air conditioners are a perfect choice. However if you want to cool your entire home a central air conditioner is the best alternative.