Window AC / August 26, 2018 / Denise Brisette
If the room is shaded then you can decrease the BTU rating you calculated with the climate control unit calculator by 10 percent however if you wish to cool a kitchen youll need to raise the rating by 4000 BTUs. When the room you are cooling is used by two or more people add six hundred BTUs per person to the rating necessary to cool the room. Before you buy the first air conditioner that fits the BTU rating necessary to cool your room make sure you have a window that will be suitable for the unit. Measure windows in the room (make sure not to block fire escapes) and make sure to buy a window air conditioner that will fit into the opening.
The answer is It depends on the wall thickness. Sleeve specifications for some window air conditioner manufacturers include the maximum wall thickness before it will cover part of the louvers. For example Amanas 18000 BTU models have a max of 8.5 inches. If the wall thickness is at or below that these models can be used in as a wall air conditioner without adversely affecting function. So whats the problem if the wall covers a little of the louvers? Two things: 1) restriction of air movement and therefore reduced efficiency and 2) these units pull air in very powerfully. Cut wall edges could become loose allowing material to be sucked into the unit and potentially causing damage.
If there is no central hot air heating then the installation of central air conditioning can be much more difficult. Many homes that do not have hot air heat also do not have the room to install ductwork. This would eliminate this possibility. If you are in this category you should get a professional to look at your situation to see if central air conditioning can be done. If it is the room available is to enough to do a good job and get large enough ductwork installed then do not force the issue and go another option. Ductless split type air conditioning may be your best option.