Window AC / September 12, 2018 / Lundy Brochu
The answer is It depends on the wall thickness. Sleeve specifications for some window air conditioner manufacturers include the maximum wall thickness before it will cover part of the louvers. For example Amanas 18000 BTU models have a max of 8.5 inches. If the wall thickness is at or below that these models can be used in as a wall air conditioner without adversely affecting function. So whats the problem if the wall covers a little of the louvers? Two things: 1) restriction of air movement and therefore reduced efficiency and 2) these units pull air in very powerfully. Cut wall edges could become loose allowing material to be sucked into the unit and potentially causing damage.
The main aspect in the choice of window air conditioner is its cool air performance. You can approximate the required power at the rate of 1 kW per 10 sq.m. with a ceiling height of 2.8 - 3 meters; for household models the characteristic is: from 1.5 - 2 to 6.5 - 8.5 kW. If there is a large glass area in the room windows face south or there are other additional heat inputs one should better buy a model with a power reserve of 15-20%. Another important factor in choosing window air conditioner is room functionality. For example air conditioner installed in the kitchen must be of high performance to provide optimal heat control. Air conditioning unit for bedrooms should have low noise characteristics.
To help make that decision more clear I will explore some of the positives and negatives of the two major options. Ductless split type units are also becoming more of an option. I will do another article on that option. To include that in this article would just be more confusing. So for now we will just look at window air conditioners and central air conditioning. Central air conditioning is the best way to go if you already have a central hot air heating system already installed in your house or building. The advantage that you have is that you already have the air handler or blower part already installed.