Window AC / August 26, 2018 / Denise Brisette
Side panels fill the gaps on the sides. These are also very thin so most of the sleeve is uncovered and outside. This allows for placement of ventilation louvers on the sides and top allowing free movement of air. This is the primary difference between the two types. The wide availability of louver space allows the unit to move a lot of air and this means window units can be quite powerful up to 3 tons or 36000 BTU. So window A/Cs can be effective for very large rooms. In contrast a wall air conditioner sleeve is designed for a hole through the wall. Walls vary substantially in thickness.
A window air conditioner is supposed to stay in place. This is different from a portable unit which rests on casters so that you can roll it from room to room. In most cases however a window unit will provide better cooling at a lower price that what a portable air conditioner can offer. Moreover you can install a window unit in each room if necessary. By many estimates having two or three window units is still cheaper than investing in a central system. When you are choosing a window air conditioner it is a smart idea to take measurements of the room you plan to cool.
The ductwork for the distribution of the air is also all ready in place. The ductwork may need some modification to make it work well for air conditioning but the major part of it should be adequate. To use the existing furnace and ductwork a coil will need to be installed at the furnace. An outdoor condenser unit will be installed outside and copper tubing will be used to connect the coil to the outdoor unit. Some electrical wiring will need to be done to power the outdoor unit. Low voltage wiring will be needed to hook the thermostat the furnace and the outdoor unit together so that they can talk to each other. Basically the thermostat will just tell the furnace to run the blower on high speed and the outdoor condenser to start up.