Window AC / August 24, 2018 / Aubrette Dumoulin
Window air conditioners came to the market as a solution for people who couldnt afford or did not want central air conditioning. Because central air conditioning can be quite expensive and because many people live in small apartments central air is not for everyone. This led to the advent of window air conditioners. Window air conditioners have a hot coil and a chilled coil along with two fans. The fans blow air over these coils and they in turn suck away the heat and humidity from the room into the outside area providing clean cool air. The capacity of an air conditioner is measured in BTUs. So the size of the air conditioner plays a vital role in determining its cooling capacity.
Side panels fill the gaps on the sides. These are also very thin so most of the sleeve is uncovered and outside. This allows for placement of ventilation louvers on the sides and top allowing free movement of air. This is the primary difference between the two types. The wide availability of louver space allows the unit to move a lot of air and this means window units can be quite powerful up to 3 tons or 36000 BTU. So window A/Cs can be effective for very large rooms. In contrast a wall air conditioner sleeve is designed for a hole through the wall. Walls vary substantially in thickness.
The main aspect in the choice of window air conditioner is its cool air performance. You can approximate the required power at the rate of 1 kW per 10 sq.m. with a ceiling height of 2.8 - 3 meters; for household models the characteristic is: from 1.5 - 2 to 6.5 - 8.5 kW. If there is a large glass area in the room windows face south or there are other additional heat inputs one should better buy a model with a power reserve of 15-20%. Another important factor in choosing window air conditioner is room functionality. For example air conditioner installed in the kitchen must be of high performance to provide optimal heat control. Air conditioning unit for bedrooms should have low noise characteristics.