Window AC / September 21, 2018 / Aubrette Dumoulin
The answer is It depends on the wall thickness. Sleeve specifications for some window air conditioner manufacturers include the maximum wall thickness before it will cover part of the louvers. For example Amanas 18000 BTU models have a max of 8.5 inches. If the wall thickness is at or below that these models can be used in as a wall air conditioner without adversely affecting function. So whats the problem if the wall covers a little of the louvers? Two things: 1) restriction of air movement and therefore reduced efficiency and 2) these units pull air in very powerfully. Cut wall edges could become loose allowing material to be sucked into the unit and potentially causing damage.
If there is no central hot air heating then the installation of central air conditioning can be much more difficult. Many homes that do not have hot air heat also do not have the room to install ductwork. This would eliminate this possibility. If you are in this category you should get a professional to look at your situation to see if central air conditioning can be done. If it is the room available is to enough to do a good job and get large enough ductwork installed then do not force the issue and go another option. Ductless split type air conditioning may be your best option.
There are other bells and whistles that are available on units these days. These can include features like dehumidifiers to remove moisture from the air and antibacterial filters which can remove odors and bacteria. A final issue to consider if you are looking to buy window air conditioner is what sorts of energy saving features the unit might have. You may consider looking for a unit that has an Energy-Star rating. The EPA assigns an Energy-Star rating to air conditioners that meet certain standards for being cost-effective and guaranteeing energy savings. This can help keep your electricity bills and check even during the hottest days of summer.